Maryam Mirzakhani is the first woman to ever win the Fields Medal – known as the “Nobel Prize of mathematics” – in recognition of her contributions to the understanding of the symmetry of curved surfaces.
Some extra info:
- Iranian woman wins maths’ top prize, the Fields medal (New Scientist)
- A Tenacious Explorer of Abstract Surfaces (Quantum Magazine)
- Maryam Mirzakhani: ‘The more I spent time on maths, the more excited I got’ (The Guardian)
- Top Mathematics Prize Awarded to a Woman for First Time (Time)
- A 2008 interview (PDF)
- Maryam Mirzakhani (Wikipedia entry)
And a nice photo drawn from the Quantum Magazine article linked above:
Modern theories did not arise from revolutionary ideas which have been, so to speak, introduced into the exact sciences from without. On the contrary they have forced their way into research which was attempting consistently to carry out the programme of classical physics—they arise out of its very nature. It is for this reason that the beginnings of modern physics cannot be compared with the great upheavals of previous periods like the achievements of Copernicus. Copernicus’s idea was much more an import from outside into the concepts of the science of his time, and therefore caused far more telling changes in science than the ideas of modern physics are creating to-day.
I have reached this Tyrannosaurus through this interesting entry on wikipedia: List of transitional fossils (fossilized remains of any life form that exhibits traits common to both an ancestral group and its derived descendant group… more).